The Centre Right in the Basque Country
The European Popular Party is the most important political and ideological movement of the European Union, both in terms of number of representatives of all political levels as for ideological reference. But the circumstances of terrorism in the Basque Country, have made it the great political and ideological unknown in the Basque lands.
Therefore the Popular Foundation for Basque Studies has initiated a research and publication program on the origins and main figures of the non-nationalist centre-right who have organised the option that today reflects the Popular Party.
Initially the Foundation drives the first attempt to address a global history of Basque right, with the collaboration of Pedro José Chacón Delgado (1), through his publication "Nobility with freedom, biography of the Basque right”, whose route runs from the Cortes of Cádiz until the start of the Spanish Transition.
As a first approximation, we try to score as precisely as possible the list of members and their ideological production, producing 64 records of politicians and intellectuals of unquestionable belonging to the Basque right in all its currents. Theoretical and methodological guidelines are marked, so that we can talk about Basque right in a period and a policy area where almost all the specialists have focused on the study of the roots of Basque nationalism. This conceptual confusion, which may be called "theory of Basque prenationalism" is analysed. Its main consequence has been the concealment or systematic misrepresentation of a major sector of political Basque history that was none other than the liberal-conservative and traditionalist right. This sector dominated the Basque political landscape throughout the nineteenth century, in parallel with the Spanish right at the time, with whom it had strong ties and mutual interest, both in the defence of the Crown as the common historical past. But also some differences such as defence of historical privileges, as the own and main political culture of the Basque right in its history.
From this perspective one can understand better both the emergence of Basque nationalism, which supposed a genuine break from tradition, as well as the historical injustice suffered by the Basque right after the Transition, when it was only and exclusively assimilated with one of the currents, the newest one, and in principle minority, of those which formed their historical identity: the Francoist current.
(1) (Bilbao, 1964) He is a Professor of History of Political Thought in the Faculty of Social and Communication Sciences of the University of the Basque Country (UPV-EHU). ). He has published: The identity Makeka (2006), I lost the identity that I never had: The Story of the Basque Country of Raul War Garrido (2010) and History and nation: coast and the intellectual movement in the end of the century (2013). He is a specialist in Sabino Arana Goiri and the origin of Basque nationalism, on which he has published several jobs in Letters of Deusto. He belongs to the group of research Iberconceptos of the UPV/EHU. He is a columnist in the mail of Bilbao and the Basque newspaper of San Sebastian