The Economic Agreement with the Basque Country, and the Agreement with Navarre have been stones of discussion in Spain since they were implemented. But at the same time, they are the great unknown concerning its origin and development.

Right or Privilege?

Jaime Ignacio del Burgo, probably one of the top specialists in this field, due to his knowledge and personal experience of the regional and autonomic system, introduces us to the historical vision of the birth of Economic Agreements through his work that we reproduce here.




Antonio Cánovas del Castillo has consigned to history as a great statesman. He was the great architect of the Restoration of Monarchy in 1874, a regime that remained for fifty years.

Among the Basques the figure of Cánovas does not have great sympathy because he was the promoter of the Law July 21, 1876, which abolished the Basque ancient code of laws. However, very few know that it was him who accepted the Economic Agreement, pillar of the current Basque autonomy.

This is a story of agony, death and resurrection of the Basque historical privileges. This agony stems from the centralist conception of the Constitution of 1812. However, despite the serious difficulties the provinces will be able to maintain their privileges for half a century.

1876 Would be a year of calamities for the Basques. The vast majority supported the uprising of Charles VII, who was defeated by the "hundred thousand" sons of Cánovas. The victors demanded the sacrifice of the historical privileges. Cánovas wanted to be at a midpoint, he did not intend to end the privileges. Instead, he meant the Basque Provinces to contribute to the common expenses of the state and to remove their exemption from military service. He tried to negotiate with the Basque liberals, who assumed the representation of the country. But the policy of "all or nothing" prevailed and in view of it, at the end of 1877 he dissolved the General Meetings and the Provincial Councils.

As Marcelino Oreja Aguirre states in the prologue, "this book is a must-read for those who want to approach an issue that for more than a century shaped the political life of the Basque Provinces and the entire nation. It shows the inanity of those who despite the resurrection of the historical privileges and recognition of the Basque Country as a political subject -which has been made possible by the Statute of Guernica, whose roots come from the 1978 Constitution - insist on twisting through terror the free will of Basque citizens.




ISBN 9788495643308



accesoCanovas and the Economic Agreements.


accesoFinanciación Autonómica en la España de hoy.



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